Prior research on the aging phenomenon has demonstrated that new business for property-liability (P-L) insurers generates high loss ratios that gradually decline as a book of business goes through successive renewal cycles. Although the experience on new business is initially unprofitable, the renewal book of business eventually becomes profitable over time. Within this context, insurers need to manage their exposure growth in order to maximize long run profitability. Dynamic financial analysis (DFA), a relatively new tool for P-L insurers, utilizes Monte Carlo simulation to generate the overall financial results for an insurer under a large number of scenarios. This article uses a publicly available DFA model—along with the estimated market value of an insurer, based on 1990–2001 data for stock P-L insurers and underlying financial variables—to determine optimal growth rates of a P-L insurer based on mean–variance analysis, stochastic dominance, and constraints on leverage.
Journal of Risk and Insurance, The
American Risk and Insurance Association Prize